Malaria – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Malaria 3Malaria is a parasitic disease triggered by a parasite, which is transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. You know that you are suffering from malaria if you are experiencing unending chills and fevers. The CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) estimates that malaria is responsible for the death of one million people annually throughout the world. The disease is quite prevalent in countries that lie in the tropical regions.

Causes

Malaria is primarily caused by the bite of an infected mosquito. Infection in mosquitos occurs when the insect feeds on the blood of an individual who is suffering from the disease. If you happen to reside or work next to a person who is sick from malaria, then the odds of transmission are extremely high especially if there are ponds or pools filled with mosquitos nearby.

Malaria can also be transmitted by coming into contact with the blood of an infected person. For example, the disease can be transmitted:

–          From mother to an unborn child.

–          By sharing infected needles.

–          Through blood transfusion.

Risk Factors

You are more likely to suffer from malaria if you reside or are planning to visit an area where the infection is quite prevalent. The CDC also believes that there are different types of malaria parasites, which may in turn make treatment slightly difficult. In a recent study, it was found that malaria is quite common in:

–          African countries, especially nations that lie in the South of Sahara desert.

–          Solomon Islands.

–          Haiti.

–          The Indian subcontinent.

–          Papua New Guinea.

Malaria 4On the other hand, people who are at an increased risk of suffering from malaria include infants and toddlers, tourists who are traveling from countries where malaria is not common, pregnant women and unborn children.

Health Complications

Malaria is a fatal disease. The CDC states that the form of malaria commonly found in tropical countries are more likely to cause death if left untreated for a long time. Whereas the Center for Disease Control and Prevention believes that malaria is responsible for more than 1 million deaths globally, it believes that 90 percent of those fatalities are in Africa. Organ failure, cerebral malaria, low blood sugar, breathing issues and severe anemia are some of the health complications caused by malaria.

Treatment

Doxycycline, chloroquine, blend of atovaquone and malarone as well as mefloquine are some of the medications that are used in the treatment of malaria.

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